Super detailed! Cheats for the use and maintenance of the 5 major systems of electric bicycles
Electric bicycles have become the first choice for short-distance travel in cities and towns due to their convenience and speed. Reasonable use and maintenance of electric bicycles can increase the service life and avoid the embarrassment of being thrown halfway. Here is a detailed introduction to how to maintain the 5 important systems of electric bicycles.
Battery use and maintenance
Lead-acid battery: As the battery loses part of its capacity due to self-discharge during storage, transportation, and installation. When using a newly purchased vehicle for the first time, please fully charge the battery to activate the active material inside the battery (the first five charging times are not less than 10 hours, but not more than 12 hours).
It is strictly prohibited to use and store under power loss. Regardless of how much power is consumed after each use, the battery should be fully charged in time when possible, which is conducive to prolonging the life of the battery. If the battery is not used for a long time, be sure to store the battery in a fully charged state and charge it once a month.
Try to perform deep discharge 1-2 times a month. The so-called deep discharge refers to the first full discharge of undervoltage protection after riding on a flat road under normal load conditions, or full discharge with a discharge meter, and then full charge , This will slightly increase the battery capacity.
The use and maintenance of the charger
Usually, you should avoid carrying the charger with the car as much as possible when riding. If you have to carry it, you need to wrap a buffer to avoid bumps and vibrations caused by the charger. When charging, first turn off the power lock on the electric vehicle, insert the charger output plug into the charging socket, and then insert the charger input power plug into the power socket, otherwise a large surge current will be generated, which will easily damage the charger and affect the use of the battery Life, serious may cause electric shock accidents.
Since the charger generates a certain amount of heat during the charging process, it is recommended to charge in an open and ventilated place. It is strictly forbidden to cover the charger with foreign objects during charging, otherwise it will easily damage the charger and the battery, or even cause a fire accident. Flooding or rain.
Use and maintenance of the electronic control part
The electronic controller is the control center of the electric vehicle. All the commands issued by the user are converted into electrical signals and transmitted to the motor, battery and other components through it, which is equivalent to the human brain. At the beginning of the design of the electric car, the daily rain and sun are taken into consideration. It does not require special maintenance for normal use, but it is also necessary to pay attention to extreme weather that may cause damage to it.
When the electric vehicle is parked, do not often expose it to the sun or rain for a long time to avoid damage to the vitality parts in the controller and cause operation failure.
Use and maintenance of the motor
The motor generally does not require special maintenance during normal use. When driving on a water-filled road in rainy days, the depth of the water cannot exceed the motor shaft to avoid water seepage in the motor. Electric bicycles should not be forced to start under overload conditions. When the vehicle cannot start normally due to obstruction, do not start repeatedly. Start after removing the resistance.
Use and maintenance of brake and transmission system
First of all, check the brakes of the vehicle frequently. If the brake stroke becomes longer, it needs to be adjusted. Hydraulic brake: If the free stroke of the handle is too large, and the wear of the brake pads does not exceed the specified limit, it may be that the brake system is mixed with air. It is best to entrust professional maintenance personnel to adjust.
Mechanical brake: When the free stroke is too large, the adjustment nut on the brake can be adjusted to adjust the brake stroke. When the stroke of the brake lever reaches two-thirds, the brake can be completely braked. After the brake is released, the wheel can be turned without jamming. .
Secondly, the front axle, middle axle, flywheel, chain and other transmission components of electric bicycles should be regularly inspected, wiped and lubricated like ordinary bicycles.
The flywheel, chain, and sprocket are lubricated with lubricating oil every six months; the bottom bracket, pedal axle, and front and rear axles are lubricated with butter every other year, not for beef steak, but for industrial use; in addition, the front fork parts are also lubricated It needs to be lubricated with butter, just once every two years.