E-bikes are about to see greater development
NIU swung to a net profit of nearly 200 million yuan last year, reversing a 349 million net loss the previous year, according to media reports.In January 2020, NIU launched the L2 level autonomous three-wheel electric motorcycle TQi and the first NIU electric straddle motorcycle RQi, both supporting 5G communications, with which the company laid out the autonomous driving field.
The electric vehicle field has been very lively in the past two years. Besides traditional enterprises such as Yadea, Emma and Xinri, sharbay Technology, Spring Breeze Power, Xiaomi, No.9 and NIU have also flocked to the field, which shows that the field is profitable.
From the production side, it is profitable, and from the consumer side, the demand is strong. From the policy side, the national mandatory standards of The Technical Specification for Safety of Electric Bicycles are implemented. Policies, enterprises and demands form an intersection, from which drastic changes will occur.
On September 17, 2018, the State Administration for Market Regulation and the Standardization Administration of China jointly released the national standard for electric motorcycles and electric mopeds.On April 1, 2019, the new national standard of electric motorcycle was officially implemented.From the standard, two - wheeled electric vehicles are divided into three types, electric bicycles, mopeds and electric scooters.Among them light electric motor and electricity motor belong to motor vehicle, when be being used on the road, the drivers must have license plate and hold driving license, drive card andinsurance.
Electric bicycle belongs to non-motor vehicles,.Electric bicycle safety technical specifications mandatorystipulates thatthe speed of 25 km/h or less, including total weight 55 kilograms or less battery, motor power 400 w or less, 48 v or less standard cell voltage, between two rounds of wheelbase 1250 mm or less, the maximum width is less than 450 mm, you must install the foot pedal device, and with the function of fire retardant and prevent tampering with the design.This entry clarifies the quantitative criteria for e-bikes.
After decades of development, the number of electric bicycles and electric motorcycles keeps growing, but the market is uneven. Now, through the new national standard quantitative standards, we can further standardize the production end, thus, the competition in the production end will be more intense.
At the same time, at the consumption end, with the enhancement of consumption ability, users' requirements for high-quality products and long endurance are increasing, while for the new national standard vehicle weight, lightweight batteries must be used to achieve long endurance.
Under the combined action of the above factors, two trends have formed in the field of electric vehicles, namely, lithium battery replacing lead-acid battery and intelligent electric vehicle.
Lithium-ion batteries have a much larger capacity than lead-acid batteries at the same weight, so loading them into cars is a clear trend.It is predicted that the sales share of lithium-ion battery electric vehicles will increase rapidly from 2020 and continue to grow to 2025, when lithium battery loading may reach 80%.
As for intelligentization, enterprises that enter the electric motorcycle industry from other fields are more prominent, especially those with information and communication background, such as Xiaomi, No.9 and other enterprises, naturally have Internet genes. They are building cars with different ideas, which will inevitably bring intelligence to form different competitive advantages.
Two-wheeled electric vehicles are favored over crowded and space-closed public transportation.With the change of travel environment, in order to reduce crowd gathering, the ideal travel mode is respectively private car, motorcycle, electric bicycle and bicycle.Due to the high price and cost of cars, road congestion, difficult parking, expensive car maintenance and other problems exclude a large number of people, while most cities restrict the use of motorcycles, mopeds and electric scooters, the ideal means of commuting.All that's left are bicycles and electric bicycles.For short distances of less than 3 kilometers, bicycles are sufficient to meet the demand, but for distances of more than 3 kilometers, e-bikes are obviously the most ideal means of commuting.In the future, an upgraded electric bicycle market will be formed. The loading of lithium batteries will improve the overall mileage, while intelligentization will support differentiated consumption and improve user experience.
China's electric two-wheel market accounts for more than 80% of the global market.The landing of the new national standard will bring great changes to the industry.The latest data from the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology shows that in the first 10 months of this year, 22.738 million electric bikes were produced, up 19.9 percent year on year.The operating revenue of e-bikes of enterprises above designated size reached 60.23 billion yuan, up 8.6% year on year.As production and consumption evolve, dividends will be released faster and faster.