History of cycling: ancient and formidable power
After the hustle and bustle of shared bicycles, China's bicycle industry has fallen into silence again. Traveling through the dust of history, dreams, and capital, will ancient bicycles have the opportunity to become sexy again?
In the 1930s, along with the expansion of the Japanese occupation zone in China, merchants Kojima and Saburo successively opened Changhe Manufacturing in Shenyang, Tianjin, and Shanghai. Its factory on Tangshan Road in the northeast corner of Shanghai is the city's first bicycle factory.
In 1947, the Nanjing National Government opened trade with Japan, and the Central Trust Bureau exchanged more than 2,000 Japanese bicycles for barter and arrived in Shanghai.
Bicycle is one of the earliest traditional industries in China. In the spring of 1867, Frenchman Pierre Michaux and his son delivered a bicycle with pedals built by the two, and delivered it to the Paris Expo for display. Guangdong scholar Wang Tao was fortunate to have a glimpse of the bicycle at the scene. To this end, he endured the suffering of a steamer for more than four months. This was the first time that the Chinese met a bicycle.
In 1868, the second year of the Paris Expo, Shanghai had bicycles. At that time, it was called a "bicycle." According to the Shanghai News, at the time, a bicycle that "walked by pedaling and turned like a fly." "Becoming a novelty on the street."
Although the bicycle was a light industry, at the time, the manufacturing process was quite complicated and sophisticated. The flywheel and chain must be accurate and lubricated, and the steel rings must be accurate and hard. This requires hardening, especially the angle of the frame design. In addition, dental trays, handles, flower pots, etc., all do not require long-term industrial accumulation. The fact is that Chinese bicycles have relied on foreign imports for a long time, and they are obviously backward in terms of equipment and technology.
At that time, domestic bicycles were even called "railway cars" and "bridge crossing cars". It was likened to the fact that a bicycle just bought would be broken as soon as it crossed the railway or a bridge.
In the new era, the bicycle industry has experienced several big waves. The first time was from 1989 to 1995, when the country liberalized the control of bicycle production qualifications, and the market economy was gradually established. Not only bicycles, market dividends swept through major traditional industries. That is, at this stage, private bicycle factories such as Fujita and Emma Technology were successively established, and Taiwan-funded bicycle brands such as Giant and Merida began to enter the mainland market; the second time was the rise of cycling in 2009.
The era struck a four-wheeled car, kicked the accelerator, and walked away. No matter how badly the bicycles behind slammed, they were too late to catch up. But in the era of the Internet-based new economy, which was established by the whole people, suddenly, in 2016, the bike sharing air came, and in the era of advanced bicycles, the most powerful stimulant was ushered in.